Everest base camp trek is most probably on the bucket list of most of the trekkers who seek adventure, thrill and a fun-filled yet notable accomplishment in life. Everest base camp trek is one of the topmost trekking tours for which climbers from all around the globe visit Nepal. Since the days of early expeditions itself, Mount Everest (8,848m) has had a lure of its own, drawing climbers to scale it and trekkers to gaze on its icy faces. The major highlight of the trek is undoubtedly the Everest Base Camp which not only gives you an up-close view of the worlds tallest mountain, Everest but also gives you a magnificent view of the other three highest peaks of the world that is Lhotse (8,516m), Makalu (8,481m) and Cho Oyu (8,201m), giving you a chance to view in total 4 out of 10 highest peaks in the world.
Everest base camp trek is renowned for its exceptional view of the serene mountain range breathtaking landscapes, unique Sherpa culture, historic monastery and an awe-inspiring sensation throughout the journey. This is a pleasant trek to the Mount Everest base camp that offers you an experience of a great challenge, achievement, and thrills of being so close to the world's highest peak in the world. The journey to the base camp begins with a scenic flight to Lukla. For those looking for an adrenaline rush in this trip, you get to experience an almost-death thrill in your first flight itself since Lukla is famous for it has one of the narrowest runways in the world. This trek introduces you to the world-famous viewpoints, breathtaking sunrise and an adventure that goes beyond the horizons into a natural paradise that will undoubtedly stir your emotions.
Everest Base Camp trek commences in the vibrant city of Kathmandu which has an ancient nudge to itself, where you will discover hundreds of historical monuments and world heritage sites. A half an hour thrilling flight over the mountains will take you to our next destination, Lukla. Lukla is adorned with a tiny airstrip from where your adventure journey to the Base Camp really begins. The trail sets you off to the homelands of the Sherpa people who are rich in their hospitality, traditions, and culture. The monasteries in the area are enchanting and very appealing to the eyes since it is set amongst the most beautiful mountains in Nepal. The route stumbles upon the popular Kalapattar (also known as black rock 5,545m), standing over which you get an outstanding view of the Himalayan giants which literally numbs your senses with breathless admiration that beholds the eye, and makes up for the lung-bursting climb that you just took up there. This also includes fantastic views of the south-west face of the massive, Mount Everest.
The Everest base camp trek is overall a smooth trip, however, the altitude might take its toll, hence we recommend the trekkers to be more careful while pacing and also acclimatize as much as possible for the trip to be safe and fun-filled.
Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty
The Everest Base Camp Trek is a moderate trekking journey. What that means is- you do not need prior trekking experience to do the trip. However, the journey does require trekking for extended periods on alpine Himalayan terrains with rising elevation, thus preparing your body before the beginning of the trekking trip is a must. Otherwise, the body would not be able to handle the long hours of trek, and the journey might not be a success.
Thus, preparing your body by doing regular cardio exercises like running and swimming regularly, and gradually increasing the workout time each time you perform them can help boost your stamina. This can aid during the trip. Every year, around 30,000 people tend to trek through the Khumbu Valley to Everest Base Camp. It is a trip that has no age limit or physical boundaries. As long as you are capable of long hours of trekking, you can do the journey.
On average, the length of the Everest Base Camp Trek is about 130 kilometers. A normal trek on leveled terrain with this length does not seem too difficult, but what sets the EBC Trek apart is the gain in elevation. Trekkers usually cover about 15 kilometers of length per day. Excluding the two acclimatization days, EBC Trek requires about 10 out of 13 days of trekking. The typical trekking pace during the trip is 5 to 6 hours of trekking. Taking into consideration the terrain of the region, the trip proves to be difficult than the average trek on the leveled landscape.
Most trekkers opt to take the aid of porters to carry the heavy baggage, as well as trekking equipment like trekking poles. The rocky terrain can be hard on the knees and joints, and thus building up endurance before trekking is important.
Physical Fitness for Everest Base Camp Trek
As stated, Everest Base Camp Trek is a moderate trekking trip. For this, you will need to prepare your body before the journey. Doing cardio exercises boost the body's stamina and help in the overall performance of trekking endurance. Despite being achievable, the EBC Trek still presents certain challenges, like long hours of trekking and the rise in the elevation above 3,000 meters. The Khumbu, which is where the EBC Trek takes place, presents trekkers with alpine, mainly uphill hike on rocky terrains.
Moreover, you also need to be able to hike through back-to-back days. That is why building up endurance is necessary. For physical preparation before trekking, you can practice cardio exercises, starting at 30-minute durations at the beginning and then gradually increasing your work-out time. This will help in building the muscles and also increase your stamina and boost your endurance capacity.
Likewise, the EBC Trek also presents the arduous task of trekking up elevations that present low oxygen amounts in the atmosphere. High altitude makes breathing slightly harder than normal and can result in getting worn out faster. Thus, it is also important to keep that in mind while preparing for the trip. Getting used to exercising at low oxygen-level conditions can also adjust your body for the trekking trip. Doing so can alter your body to take in more oxygen than normal per breath, which is useful while trekking in the mountains.
This is one of the physical characteristics of the ethnic Sherpa people who live in the mountains. Their high altitude environment has made their bodies alter and adjust to the environmental conditions.
Duration of Everest Base Camp Trek
In general, the Everest Base Camp Trek takes about 13 days. Most of the trekking journeys are also incorporated with a pre and post nights stay in Kathmandu. The duration of the EBC Trek is incorporated with ample acclimatization time. The trek is done at a slow and comfortable pace as this allows your body to adjust to the gradually rising elevation. It is advised to not rush the trip as it can lead to Acute Mountain Sickness. AMS occurs when your body does not adjust to the gain in elevation and can cause symptoms like dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headaches, loss of appetite and others. If left untreated, AMS can also sometimes be fatal.
To avoid AMS, one can take medications like Diamox. Most trekkers opt to take the medication from the very beginning of the trip itself, from Kathmandu. Other factors to consider are getting properly acclimatized, maintain a comfortable pace, being hydrated and resting if the symptoms occur. Because of this, having travel insurance is mandatory while trekking in Nepal. It is also important to have a travel insurance policy that covers the helicopter rescue and emergency evacuation in the mountains while trekking.
During the trip, you can also hire porters to carry your bag-packs. This makes trekking a lot easier. Taking this into consideration, it is also advised to pack light and to only pack the necessary things you will need during the trip. The maximum amount a porter is capable of carrying is about 5 to 6 kg of weight per person. Similarly, the daily duration of trekking from one destination to the next is about 5 to 6 hours of trekking. The gain in elevation is much harder than the descent. That is why the initial trek to the base camp requires more stamina and longer duration than the descent back down the valley.
Everest Base Camp Trek Altitude Profile
The rise in altitude is one of the most challenging parts of EBC Trekking. Gaining steady elevation makes the trip difficult, even more so than trekking past the rocky terrain. In comparison to other trekking journeys of the same length, EBC Trek presents a higher reach in altitude. That is why considering the occurrence of AMS is a serious condition during the trip and proper time should be given to acclimatizing.
The EBC Trek usually starts with a short flight from Kathmandu to Lukla, situated at an altitude of 3,000 meters. From there, the path follows along the rivers and includes settlements that steadily gain elevation, with the highest point of the trek being at the vantage point of Kalapatthar- located at an altitude of 5,500 meters. The Everest Base Camp itself is located at an altitude of 5,400 meters. Kalapatthar presents breath-taking panoramic views of the entire Mount Everest massif. Acclimatization is usually done in Namche Bazaar, situated at an altitude of 3,440 meters. The second acclimatization time is done in the village of Dingboche, situated at an altitude of 4,360 meters. The highest point for an overnights stay during the trip is at Gorekshep, at an elevation of 5,170 meters.
One of the major points for acclimatization is to adjust the body to the high elevation. While in Namche, trekkers tend to usually visit sites like the Syangboche airstrip located above the town, and the Everest View Hotel located a few kilometers from Namche. Other notable overnight stops along the EBC Route in synchrony include the villages of Lukla to Phakding (2,652 meters), Monjo (2,840 meters), Kyangjuma (3,570 meters), Tengboche (3,860 meters), Pheriche (4,280 meters), Dhugla (4,600 meters) and Lobuche (4,940 meters).
Everest Base Camp Trek Cost
The overall cost of an all-round EBC Trek includes the cost of permits, TIMS, guide, porter, accommodation, meals, and other miscellaneous things. The cost ranges from USD 1000 to USD 1200 per foreigner for an average trek of 13 to 16 days. Of course, this is an extrapolation of the trip, and the cost varies from one travel agency to the next, as well as solo travels.
When traveling with us, the cost generally excludes travel insurance, visa fees, trekking equipment, and other personal expenses. Besides this, we include the cost of our package deals. As for meals and accommodation, the EBC Trek presents the option of both vegetarian and non-vegetarian meals. For drinking water, you have two options- either buy bottled drinking water in the mountain or use your own water purifying method, like tablets. Using one's purification method is a lot cheaper and cost-effective than constantly buying bottled drinking water in the mountains. The mineral water cost from USD 1 to USD 4 per bottle along the journey. The higher the elevation, the costlier things become.
Warm Tea and coffee usually cost USD 2 to USD 4. A beer bottle costs USD 5 to USD 10. In the same manner, tipping the guide and the porter isn't mandatory, but it is appreciated. There are no specific amounts for tipping, but it depends upon your satisfaction in their work.
Everest Base Camp Trek reviews on Trip Advisor
Excellent Service from Alpine Eco Trek: I give Alpine Eco Trip a Five Star review for the way that they take care of their guests... read more on TripAdvisor
The best trek experience ever: Ram Kumar and his very capable, friendly team arranged our journey and guided our party of three guys on an unforgettable 10-day trek from Lukla to Everest Base Camp and back in April 2014... read more on TripAdvisor
Amazing Trek: My sister and I did the Everest Base Camp trek which took 13 days at the end of November with Alpine Eco Trek... read more on TripAdvisor
Awesome Trek to EBC 2015: Everest Base Camp with Alpine Eco Trek at the end of November 2015. Everything was perfect and taken care of, from airport collection when we first arrived in Kathmandu, assistance with purchasing hiking equipment... read more on TripAdvisor
Great guide and porters, a wonderful experience: Me and my boyfriend had the privilege of having Ram Gopal as our guide for the 13-day trek to Everest Base Camp earlier this month... read more on TripAdvisor
Trekking Everest Base Camp: At the beginning of April 2016 I went to the Everest Base Camp with Alpine Eco Trek. I booked the trip online... read more on TripAdvisor
Great service - Great people. Brilliant Hike: My wife and I worked with Alpine Eco to arrange a 7-day hike along the Everest Base camp trail. We found Ram (the owner)... read more on TripAdvisor
Everest base camp trek: For the first time visitor to Nepal and the Himalayas, there are always many questions as one tries to get a feeling for what lies ahead... read more on TripAdvisor
Great organization EBC: Ram was amazing at organizing the trek, very responsive and always willing to help. Everything went great and we had a great trip... read more on TripAdvisor
Everest Base Camp trekking: Booked 10 days trip with Alpine Eco Trek Mr. Ram and everything went just fine guide Serjan... read more on TripAdvisor
A Packing List for Everest Base Camp Trek
Everest Base Camp Trek is a fairly long journey in the Himalayas. So, it is obvious for trekkers to have large luggage. Likewise, it is also common to have luggage and an additional backpack. While trekkers can pack most of their trekking essentials in the luggage... Read More