Dolpo is a medieval Himalayan district of western Nepal, which was closed to visitors up until 1989. The region is influenced by the Tibetan culture sharing the northern border with the Tibetan autonomous region. The Dolpo district has several awe-inspiring treks to discover, the Upper Dolpo and Lower Dolpo treks are the most popular and picturesque routes in this region.
To the southwest of the remote and restricted area of Dolpo lies Dhaulagiri, the 6th highest mountain in the world, towering over at 8,167m (26,795ft), generating a rain shadow which determines much of Dolpo’s climate. Although there are no meteorological records kept in Dolpo it is estimated that the valleys receive less than 500mm of precipitation annually.
Dolpo region is home to some of the highest villages on earth; almost 90% of the area lies above 3,500m, with a regional population less than 5,000 people, making it one of the least densely populated areas of Nepal. Its inhabitants cultivate their survival from this inhospitable environment by synergizing agriculture, animal husbandry and trade. Dolpo agro-pastoral livelihood is characterized by migrations between permanent villages and pastures at higher altitudes. Over 90% of the population lives under the poverty line, literacy is low, and life expectancy is a mere fifty years.
The region is popular for being outstandingly unique, containing pristine natural beauty and possessing a rugged charm. You will meet the nomadic people of the region and experience their traditional way of life, almost untouched and unexplored. The people are very pleasant by nature being of Tibetan descent, they follow the pre-Buddhist Bon religion. The language they speak is closely related to Tibetan. There are 64 large and small monasteries in Dolpo, with most of the monasteries built at the top of the high mountains. Some of them can even be found around rocky isolated surroundings. Since it is believed that the followers of spiritual world should live peaceful and isolated life, most of the monasteries are found in calm and lonely places. The Himalayas offer an endless variety of landscapes, culture, tradition and great people. This unbounded diversity makes it a destination you can visit multiple times, it becomes more interesting and fascinating with every time you return.