Climbing Equipment

Alpine Eco Trek would like to notify its valued clients, information about Climbing Equipment list and also some important information before heading to higher Mountain Expedition over 8000m.

A. Climbing equipment:
--Alpine Climbing Harness
--Crampons - must fit boots perfectly. Steel crampons with anti-balling
--Ice axe
--Essential are a head lamp
--Alpine climbing harness
--Rappel device
--Ski poles
--Altimeter and crampons
--Set of 'pigs' nipples'
--Rappel device
--Adjustable Ski/Trekking Poles.
--One 3 metre/10 foot sling and three 2 metre/6 foot slings
--Figure 8/Abseil belay device
--1 large mitten sized ascender
--2 locking carabineers, 1 large and 1 small
--4 regular carabineers
--Masks, hoses, and regulators (good quality)

B. Upper Body:
--2 cotton t-shirts
--1 polypropylene t-shirt
--2 long sleeve polypropylene shirts, lightweight
--1 polar fleece pullovers, medium weight
--1 polar fleece jacket
--Gore-Tex jacket with hood, waterproof and breathable
--Lightweight down jacket for those chilly days in base camp
--For high altitude use, 1 very warm goose-down (duvet) jacket with hood, you may prefer a -down/duvet suit

C. Hands:
--1 pair lightweight poly-liner gloves. These will be worn when tying knots, but not inside your mitts
--1 pair mittens, consists of 1 Gore-tax over mitt matched with the very warm polar fleece mitt liner (For more about high altitude mitts)

D. Head:
--Warm hat wool or synthetic that covers your ears
--Face mask
--Ball cap or brimmed sun cap
--Glacier Sunglass with side shields
--1 pair ski goggles (Optional) with light and dark lens
--Headlamp with extra batteries and bulb
--Bandana or head scarf, also useful for dusty conditions

E. Lower Body:
--Cotton underwear briefs
--1 pair walking shorts
--1 pair walking trouser for trekking and around camp
--2 pair lightweight thermal bottoms
--1 pair medium or expedition weight thermal bottoms
--1 pair polar fleece trousers
--1 pair Gore-Tex trousers, salopettes, or bibs. Waterproof/breathable with full side zips
--1 pr. Goose-down (duvet) trousers, salopettes or bibs. You may prefer a down (duvet) suit.

Note: Your clothing should be kept dry using waterproof stuff sacks, bin-liners, or large plastic bags.

F. Feet:
--1 pair One-Sport Millet Everest Overboots or equivalent (with Aveolite Liners. Good quality Plastic shells with inner boots. Avoid tight fit with heavy socks.)
--1 pair sturdy leather walking boots with good ankle support (we mean leather trekking, not climbing boots) for the walk to advanced base camp
--1 pair trainers, running shoes and/or sandals for Kathmandu and in camp
--1 pair down booties (optional)
--2 pair med-heavy poly or wool socks
--2- Pair of liner socks. Polypropylene or wool
--vapor barrier liner socks or plastic bread-bags
--2 pair lightweight trekking socks, poly or wool
--Cotton socks for in town.

G. Sleeping gears:
For high altitude,
--1 down (duvet) sleeping bag (rated to – 40 Centigrade or -0 Fahrenheit). In the high camp, you can sleep in your down (duvet) clothing inside your sleeping bag;
--1 additional sleeping bag for base camp (good to -20 degrees C or 20 degrees F);

At least 3 closed cell foam Kari-mats for use in base camp and high altitude;
we do not recommend inflatable mats, as we have never seen one not puncture. You can buy these non inflatable mats very inexpensively in Kathmandu. Why carry foam mats around the world, when you can purchase them inexpensively in Kathmandu?

Note: Your sleeping bags should be kept dry using waterproof stuff sacks, bin-liners, or large plastic bags

H. Rucksack and Travel Bags:
--1 medium rucksack (50-70 litters / 3000-4500 cubic inches, can be used for airplane carry);
--2 large (120 L / 7500 cubic inch) duffle kit bags for clothing and equipment. Must be durable for use on pack animals;
--Small padlocks for duffel kit bags

I. Personal Hygiene:
--Female or male hygiene supplies;
--2 tubes lip sun cream, 1 large tube skin sun cream (min. factor 15);
--Anti-mosquito cream;
--1 toothpaste/brush;
--1 bar soap or hand sanitizer gel/1 small towel;
--Hand wipes.

J. Medical:
Note: Small personal first-aid kit. (Simple and Light) Aspirin, first-aid tape, plasters (band-aids), personal medications, etc. The leaders will have extensive first-aid kits, so leave anything extra behind. Please let your leader knows about any medical issues before the climb;

--1 skin blister repair kit;
--Medications are inexpensive and readily available in Kathmandu with no doctor's prescription;
--1 small bottle anti-diarrhea pills;
--1 small bottle anti-headache pills;
--1 small bottle cough and/or cold medicine;
--1 course antibiotics for stomach infection, available locally at chemist shop or pharmacy with no doctor's prescription;
--1 course antibiotics for chest infection, available locally at chemist shop or pharmacy with no doctor's prescription;
--1 small bottle anti-altitude sickness pills: Diamox, Acetylzolamide. For more about this medication, please contact us.
Do not bring sleeping pills. They are a respiratory depressant
--1 small bottle of water purification tablets or water filter
--1 set earplugs
--Extra prescription glasses contact lens supplies. Contact lens wearers, please bring glasses in case of emergency.

K. Personal Food:
--Our an expert cook prepare three delicious hot meals and plenty of drinks each day in base camp, as well as camp 2 on the mountain.
--On the mountain we supply plenty of food for you to cook 3 hot meals each day. This food will consist of soup, local cheese & sausage, biscuits, dried noodles, potatoes, rice, porridge, -butter, dried and tinned vegetables, fruit, meats, and fish, tea with milk and sugar, powdered juice drink, and drinking chocolate. Our sherpas will be carrying this food to the higher camps.

We ask each member to bring their own imported daily snack and energy foods. We also ask members to bring 5 dehydrated meals (freeze-dried dinners) for their summit attempt. We do not provide cold “snack” food such as chocolate or "energy-bars". We ask that you bring or buy your own "snack" or daily cold energy food, 3-6 kilos/6-12 pounds is a good amount. A growing variety of imported foods such as European and American cheeses, chocolates, biscuits, cookies, nuts, and locally made power-bars are now available in Kathmandu, at reasonable prices. However, imported power bars, GU, re-hydration drinks, dehydrated food, "freeze-dried meals", imported cheese and sausage are not available. If you want these items, you must bring them from your home country. Many of our members, especially Britons, Europeans, and Australians with tiny baggage allowances, now purchase their daily snacks in Kathmandu. Our schedule in Kathmandu allows plenty of time for shopping.

L. Practical
--1 small roll of repair tape, 1 sewing repair kit;
--1 cigarette lighter, 1 small box matches;
--1 compass or GPS;
--1 battery powered alarm clock/watch;
--1 camera and film, or digital camera with extra cards and extra batteries;
--Nylon stuff sacks for food and gear storage, large Ziplocs are useful also;
--3 Water bottles (1 litre) wide-mouth Nalgene (1 is a pee bottle)
--1 plastic cup and spoon;
--1 small folding knife;
--Binoculars (optional);
--4 large, waterproof, disposable rubbish sacks;
--Passport, 2 extra passport photos, flight ticket, flight itinerary;
--Separate photocopies of passport and relevant visa pages, proof of insurance;
dollars, pounds or euros cash for purchasing Nepalese visa at Kathmandu airport, Tibet visa, for paying for restaurants andhotels, for gratuities, snacks, and to purchase your own drinks and gifts;
--Credit cards, Bank/ATM/Cash machine cards for use for withdrawing funds from cash machines (bring a photocopy of your cards), traveler's checks, etc.
--1 bathing suit/swimming costume (you never know);
--Base camp entertainment. It is good to bring additional items which you have found to be useful on previous expeditions. For example: paperback books, playing cards, ipod mp3 player, short-wave radio, game boys, musical instruments, ear plugs, lots of batteries, etc.;
--Travel clothes for base camp and in town;

Note: This is not an exhaustive list. Please submit other equipment concerns and suggestions.

Make clear
A. Oxygen:
On Everest, although some climbers wish to try it without, most members will prefer to have oxygen available and we only allow members to climb Everest with the use of supplemental oxygen. Regarding oxygen, the cost is up to you. Some people want 1 bottle, others want 12. We suggest you bring five. All of the equipment is guaranteed to work well together, and it is easy to use, with simple threaded and snap-on fittings which require no tools. We have a 40% buy back policy bottles on unused oxygen, and masks, hoses, and regulators in good condition. For more information about Oxygen, please contact us.

Note: You may have to carry some or all of your own oxygen on summit day, as well as up and down the mountain. If possible, the groups sherpas will help stock the high camps, as well as share in carrying extra bottles during summit attempts. If you are concerned you might not be able to carry your own oxygen, you may wish to hire a personal Sherpa.

Sleeping Bag (with inner set). (Expedition quality rated to at least -300F).
Goose down preferred for bulk & weight
Sleeping Pads, One, 3/4 or full-length closed-cell foam Ridge Rest and One, 3/4 length or full-length Therma-Rest w/repair kit.

Plan ahead:
If you want to climb Everest, you're going to have to be in fantastic physical shape. Fitness won't fend off altitude sickness, but will enable more oxygen to reach your body. Basic fitness training should start well in advance with plenty of cardiovascular training in the 12-month run-up to the climb.

Altitude sickness:
The primary concern of mountaineers, as altitude increases, the number of oxygen molecules per breath is reduced. At 12,000ft (3,658m), there are 40 per cent fewer per breath. To compensate, your breathing rate must increase a great deal, even at rest. The body can also overcompensate by allowing blood vessels to leak in the brain or lungs.

1. Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS):
Is the result of ascending faster than the body can adapt to Hace (High Altitude Cerebral Edema, fluid on the brain) or Hape (High Altitude Pulmonary Edema, fluid in the lungs). Both conditions are caused by the combination of high altitude and low air pressure which leads to fluid leaking from the capillaries. Initial signs of AMS are a headache, accompanied by dizziness, nausea, fainting or weakness, difficulty walking or sleeping, and confusion. Pulmonary edema at an advanced stage can be recognized by what's known as the Death Rattle, when breathing rattles at the end of each breath. This is quite literally the fluid in the lungs rumbling, and by this late stage, the sufferer is drowning.

2. Frostbite:
An initial sign of frostbite is a cloudy white color of the skin. This means that the tissue is frozen, but not yet dead. Treatment is no more advanced than the patient removing their boots and shoving bare feet into the armpits of a warm person. Advanced frostbite is when the flesh appears black. At this stage, nothing can be done to restore blood flow.

3. Hypothermia:
The core body temperature drops to such a degree that life is endangered. Overwhelming feelings of lethargy encourage a sufferer to fall asleep, resulting in death. Wrapping a patient in blankets is not going to raise body temperature, which is why two bodies will wrap together in a sleeping bag to restore warmth.

Broken bones:
A climber who is injured on the mountain needs to be capable of getting him or herself down to help. Some medical kits now carry morphine to enable the patient to descend to a level where help can be reached.

A real hazard on Everest. The sun's reflection, coupled with excess time spent panting for oxygen, means that a sunburnt roof of the mouth is common. It makes eating almost impossible. Sunburn of the nostrils also occurs.

Altitude can thicken the blood to a consistency akin to custard. This can further complicate frostbite, due to the inability of thicker blood to flow to fine capillaries. The humble aspirin thins the blood and is a mountaineer's trusted tool.
If all else fails... The nearest hospital to Everest is in Pheriche, which is one full day's hike from Base Camp.

What is available in Kathmandu?
Here are dozens of gear shops in Thamel but they mostly sell locally made gear, even if the gear has a "North Face" label. There are a few better quality shops though, with a selection of Korean North face, Mountain Hardware and Ozark.

You can find good new and secondhand Millet boots, cheap thick down jackets, cheap down pants, sleeping bags, and all sorts of fleece gear (made from Korean fleece). There is less selection for thermals and the very latest soft shells.

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